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J connects prepositions to their objects.
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The man with the hat chased the dog on Tuesday
Proper and common nouns, accusative pronouns, and other words
that can act as noun-phrases have "J-" disjoined with their
S+, SI-, and O- connectors.
Prepositions have "J+ & (Mp- or MVp-)". "Mp" is used for
prepositions modifying nouns; "MVp" is used for prepositions
modifying verbs and adjectives. Prepositions may also have
other connectors, disjoined with J+, such as Mg+, Mv+, and
QI+; see "MV: Other Uses of MVp and MVs".
Jw is used to connect prepositions to noun-phrase
question-words in the construction "To whom were you
speaking?" The construction formed here is very similar to
that formed for determiner-question-words, as in "To which
person were you speaking?" See "JQ" for an explanation. Jw is
also used in prepositional relative clauses, like "The room IN
WHICH I was working was cold". See "Mj".
Regarding Jr, see "B: Noun-Modifying Prepositional-Object
Relative Clauses". Jm and Jy relate to comparatives;
see "MV: Comparatives", sections II (Jm) and VII (Jy).
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